Polymer Testing, Polymer Analysis, Plastic Testing, and Plastic Analysis by ExcelPlas
Call Us: 03 9532 2207

Services

Services offered at the Laboratory include:

  • Product testing and evaluation using either the product(s) directly or test specimens taken from the product(s) by die or machine cutting.
  • Material testing and evaluation of raw materials or test specimens prepared by injection and compression moulding then die cutting or milling.
  • Identification and analysis of polymeric materials using Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) along with Infrared Spectroscopy.
  • Flow behaviour of materials such as melt flow rate and shear rate verses viscosity of materials can be determined using the Melt Flow Indexer

Labratory Services

Oxidative Resistance Tests

Oxidative Induction Time (OIT) testing on polyethylene and polypropylene to determine level of residual antioxidants and level of oxidative stability

Analysis of Material & Structure

Analysis for material composition, structure, overall thickness & layer thickness is done using Fourier-Transform Infra-Red Spectroscopy (Transmission and ATR), Differential Scanning Calorimetry, digital microscopes, chemical tests, and more.

Tensile & Mechanical Tests

Mechanical properties are measured using computer-controlled Tensile test instrument, Dart Impact, and other equipment.

Other Physical Tests

Thermal Analysis, Oxidative Induction and other testing is done using Differential  Scanning Calorimetry, Melt Flow Indexer, digital Microscopes, Slip Test equipment, ovens and more.


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plastics
Polymer Testing provides a wide range of testing and analysis services the polymers and plastics industries. Our facilities for plastic product and process development utilise both pilot and full scale polymer processing equipment.

Polymer Testing is accredited by the National Association of Testing Authorities (NATA) and complies with the requirements of ISO/IEC 17025:2005 ‘General requirements for the competence of testing and calibration laboratories’.

Polymer Testing is run by highly qualified personnel who are experienced in industry and understand the need for work to be carried out to commercial timelines.

Polymer Testing Labs have extensive experience in polymer and plastics analysis and testing.  Our polymer and plastic testing experts have investigated a wide range of polymeric materials, including:

  • Thermoplastics
  • Rubbers & Elastomers
  • High-performance polymers
  • Specialty polymers
  • Geomembranes
  • Composites
  • Polyurethanes
  • Adhesives & sealants
  • Paints & coatings
  • Films
  • Thermosets

cfap Polymer Testing Labs can perform the following types of testing and analysis:

  • Microscopy of Polymers
  • Fourier-Transform Infrared Spectroscopic Analysis Methods for Polymers
  • Thermal Analysis of Polymers
  • Identification and Analysis of Polymers
  • Analysis of Blends, Copolymers and Oligomers
  • Identification and Analysis of Thermoset Elastomers
  • Analysis of ‘Difficult’ or Intractable Polymer Samples
  • Analysis of Additives in Polymers and Elastomers
  • Analysis of Contaminants and Inclusions in Polymers
  • Mechanical Failure Mechanisms of Polymers
  • Chemical Attack of Polymers
  • Oxidative Degradation of Polymers
  • Failure of Fibre-Reinforced Composites.
  • Problems Related to Additives in Polymers
  • Weathering of Polymers
  • Environmental Stress Cracking of Polymers.
  • Residual Stresses and Weld Lines in Polymers
  • Odour, Tainting and Outgassing Problems with Polymers
  • Adhesion Problems with Polymers and Interfaces
  • Voids, Blisters and Surface Defects
  • Discoloration of Polymers

Polymer Testing Labs use a range of analytical techniques such as FTIR, DSC, OIT, HP-OIT, Optical Microscopy, SEM/EDAX, NMR, ToF-SIMS and Pyrolysis GC/MS. Our technical experts have years of experience interpreting this data to investigate polymer challenges such as:

  • Compositional analysis
  • Raw material analysis (resins, additives)
  • Comparative analysis
  • Good vs. bad lot sample investigations
  • Contaminant or impurity identification
  • Deformulation (reverse engineering)
  • Polymer failures
  • Identification of suspect materials
  • Off-color, off-odor problems
  • Product failures

Polymer Testing Labs routinely conduct the following testing:

  • Competitive product characterization
  • Comparative analysis of “good” and “bad” samples
  • Investigation of Product failure issues
  • Identification of batch to batch variations
  • Verification of marketing claims
  • Patent infringement investigations

Plastic and Polymer Testing Services:

  • Materials Analysis & Identification
  • Mechanical Testing
  • Deformulation
  • Contaminant Identification
  • Development of Plastic Product (Material Selection)
  • Failure Analysis
  • Ultraviolet Exposure
  • Consulting
  • Training Course
  • Expert Witness/Litigation Support

Polymer identification can be performed to determine the components of an unknown material, confirm the identity of a suspect material or to identify differences in “equivalent” polymers. An unknown polymer is often the underlying cause of many difficult problems involving plastics and polymers. The goal of polymer identification (PI) is to understand the composition of the major components in a polymer.

Polymer Testing Labs have developed considerable expertise in identifying and characterizing unknown plastics and polymeric materials using analytical testing techniques and expert interpretation of results.

We perform polymer testing and identification using tools such as FTIR and NMR spectroscopy or DSC thermal analysis to determine the chemical family and functional groups through library matching and fundamental spectral interpretation. We can also identify the elemental composition of the inorganic components in an unknown polymer using a SEM equipped with EDAX.


At Polymer Testing we are able to provide a wide range of mechanical/physical tests.  The list below provides an indication of our standard test capabilities for plastic and rubber materials:

  • Density
  • Tensile strength and modulus (standard and high speed tensile testing)
  • Flexural strength and modulus
  • Compressive strength
  • Izod or Charpy impact
  • Tensile impact
  • Falling weight impact

Polymer Testing have a broad range of analytical capabilities for the analysis and characterisation of polymeric materials and their additive systems.   The main techniques employed are described below.  Please contact Polymer Testing to discuss specific polymer analysis requirements

FTIR – Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy is the workhorse tool for identifying and characterising polymer materials and their additives. Polymer Testing uses a Bruker Diamond ATR FTIR.  Spectra from unknown polymers can be readily compared with our extensive reference spectral library.  The ATR method is a powerful technique in problem solving – particularly for the identification of inclusions or defects in moulded parts or plastic films.  The carbonyl index using FTIR can determine the extent of surface oxidation of polymers.

DSC – Differential Scanning Calorimetryis a thermal analysis technique that measures heat flow to of from a polymer. By monitoring the heat flow as a function of temperature phase transitions such as crystalline melt temperature (Tm), crystallisation temperaturee (Tc) and  glass transition temperatures (Tg) can be measured.  Using the crystallisation temperature and %crystallinity the thermal history of a sample can be gained. The DSC technique can also be used to determine the thermal stability of polymers and their residual antioxidant/stabilizer levels by determination of the OIT (oxidation induction time)

TGA – Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA) measures changes in the weight of a sample as a function of increasing temperature. TGA is used to determine polymer degradation temperatures, absorbed moisture content, residual solvent levels  and the amount of inorganic (non-combustible) filler in polymer or composite samples. It can also assist in deformulation of complex polymer products such as rubber goods.

Elemental Analysis Microscopy – EAM is a powerful surface imagining technique which uses x-rays to determine the elemental composition of small samples.


FTIR is one of the most important techniques used in the analysis and identification of polymers. Typical applications of FTIR in polymers include:

  • Identification of the polymer type to ensure that the correct or specified type of polymer has been used for the application or to identify unknown polymer materials
  • To investigate the composition of copolymers and polymer blends using melting points and glass transition temperatures
  • To identify and investigate polymer degradation mechanisms such as the oxidation of polyethylene or the hydrolysis of polyurethane
  • To identify additives that have migrated to the surface of the polymer, such as phthalate plasticisers in PVC

Microscopy of polymer materials can be very useful for examining a variety of polymer defects and establishing the type of fracture that has occurred using fractography.

At relatively low levels of magnification it is possible to see manufacturing defects such as microcracks, inclusions, voids and flow lines, the dispersion and alignment of fillers and fibres.  In addition it is possible to see the witness marks of physical contact or mechanical damage.

Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) can be used for characterisation of fracture surfaces or defective areas and identification of inorganic components or contaminants present.


Polymer Testing Labs offer elemental analysis resolved over a region (that is elemental mapping with false colours).


Polymer Labs are the leaders in Australia in the deformulation of plastic products and materials. Also known as reverse engineering, deformulation is the separation, identification and quantitation of ingredients in a polymer formulation.

Plastic deformulation involves using a range of analytical techniques and conventional extraction methods to identify and quantify the components of a complex polymer mixture including polymers, resins, fillers, stabilizers, plasticizers, lubricants, flame retardants, antioxidants  etc.

Deformulation studies usually starts with grinding of the plastic to a fine mesh size followed by the following analytical techniques such as Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR), Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC), Gas Chromatography with Mass Spectral detection (GC/MS), Scanning Electron Microscopy/Energy Dispersive X-Ray Spectroscopy (SEM/EDS).

Additives in very low amounts may be determined using High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) and Gas Chromatography/ Mass Spectrometry (GC/MS). Gel Permeation Chromatography (GPC) can be used to determine the molecular weight and molecular weight distribution of the resin.


When a contamination is found in a polymer material or plastic product, it is critical to identify its composition and therefore determine the source of the unexpected material.

Polymer Testing Labs have worked on numerous contamination identification problems such as:

  • Identification of foreign particles (e.g. inclusions, gels, etc.)
  • Raw material quality issues (e.g. metal fragments)
  • Off-color analysis (e.g. yellowing, pinking)
  • Off-odor analyis (e.g. degradation)
  • Manufacturing issues
  • Problems with storage conditions

Polymer Testing Labs can determine if a polymer resin is the virgin material that was specified or actually comprised regrind or recycled content which lowers the product quality.

The presence of regrind or recyclate may be indicated by analysis of the metal catalyst residue from the polymerization catalyst in the resin. Each virgin polymer manufacturer uses a certain catalyst system, which may be different from the one used in the polymer regrind or recyclate. So the presence of two or more different residues might indicate regrind/recyclate in the sample.


A thorough understanding of the structure-property relationship of plastics is fundamental in the ensuring the long-term durability of a polymer component.

Polymer Testing have the experience to provide you  with a detailed materials input to guide your development process.  Working alongside your design engineers Polymer Testing can offer their polymer expertise in a range of activities throughout the design process:

Feasibility Study
At the early stages of the design process we can conduct feasibility studies to assess the potential for the use of polymer materials within your design window by considering factors such as ease of processing, manufacturing routes and component durability .

Materials Selection
The first step in a successful product development process is the identification of the correct material for an application.  With well over 15,000 polymer grades on the market this is no simple task. Polymer Testing have experience with working with all polymer materials and can make impartial recommendations for the correct polymer from any given application.

Mechanical Design Assessment
Polymer materials are viscoelastic in nature, their properties can also be highly dependent upon processing conditions and polymer flow. By application of thorough knowledge of the long term properties of individual polymer materialsExcelplas can assess component designs to ensure reliable long term durability.

Component Testing and Evaluation
Having produced prototype polymer components or first-off parts Polymer Testing can develop and conduct suitable accelerated test programmes to ensure the mechanical performance of polymer component parts are suitable for long term durable service. Working to standard test procedures or tailored designed programmes vital performance data can be generated within appropriate timescales and budgets.


An understanding of why a plastic product has failed requires thorough knowledge of the long-term performance of polymers together with a detailed understanding of their interaction with specific service environments (temperature, stress, time and chemical environment).

Supported by our chemical analysis and mechanical testing laboratories Polymer Testing Labs are able to rapidly assess the cause of product failures and, importantly, recommend remedial action to minimise the risk of further failure.


A polymer failure investigation can range from single tests to establish ‘fitness for purpose’ relating to a particular performance feature to an complex and extensive investigation, particularly where the failure becomes the subject of litigation.

Questions that are typically addressed include:

  • Was the specified polymer fit for purpose?
  • Is the failure an isolated incident or are a large number of products likely to be affected?
  • Did the product performance specification adequately consider the known and reasonably foreseeable performance requirements?
  • Did the polymer conform to the requirements of applicable standards or specifications?
  • Was the specified material used?
  • Was the design stress exceeded?
  • Did contamination or interaction between materials result in a deterioration in performance?
  • Is there any evidence of additive migration or diffusion?
  • Are defects present arising from the manufacturing process?
  • Did poor processing or installation result in a deterioration in properties?
  • Is a product recall or a building closure necessary?

Determining the root cause of a plastic component failure is the first step towards implementing corrective action. Polymer Testing have extensive experience in polymer failure analysis of products manufactured from a wide range of plastic materials used in diverse service applications. The majority of plastic component failures occur in the mid to long term of the intended design life.  Even normally tough and ductile plastic materials can fail in a brittle manner resulting in premature failure and in a short service life. Brittle failures are most commonly caused by:

incorrect material selection -  the use of an incorrect polymer for a specific application is a common cause of polymer failure.   For instance, lack of understanding of the interaction of polymers with chemicals and environments commonly leads to premature failure;

inappropriate design – proper product design is fundamental to ensure plastic components will have long term durability. Poor design in combination with long-term loading, high speed loading, chemical environments, cyclic (fatigue) loads can cause brittle failure of the product within a short service life;

processing errors - incorrect processing of plastic materials can lead to failure via degradation and embrittlement process, material inhomogeneity, high residual stresses, inclusion of moulding defects or contaminants;

chemical & environmental factors– interactions betweens polymers with chemicals and environments can lead to degradation of cracking of polymers.  For many polymers specific interactions with common household products can lead to rapid crazing, cracking, fracture and product failure.


Polymer Testing determines root cause and solution for polymer and plastic materials failure analysis, providing problem-solving and solutions for failure related problems. Polymer properties and characteristics are measured to help determine why polymeric materials fail. The polymer laboratories are staffed by scientists and technicians with significant expertise in multi-disciplinary failure investigation applications.

Failure analysis of plastics and polymers can involve the fracture and failure of materials such as fibres, films and membranes, polymers, engineering plastics, composites, coatings and paints.

Polymer Testing expertise includes experience with design faults, moulding issues, stress, overload, degradation, unintentional service conditions, misuse and even sabotage.

Polymer Testing scientists have a deep knowledge of plastics and polymers raw material production processes, polymerization technology, moulding processes and end-user applications, which vary from simple packaging films through consumer goods to advanced aerospace materials.

Failure analysis work is carried out in support of customers’ own investigations, customer complaints or liability disputes, or as part of complex litigations cases.


UV light exposure can have a dramatic negative effect on polymers, rubbers, plastics, paints, coatings and composites.

Polymer Testing provides accelerated weathering testing to evaluate your materials or products by testing that simulates exposure to ultraviolet light.

Accelerated weathering simulates damaging effects of long term outdoor exposure of materials and coatings.

What can UV testing tell you about your product or material?

UV accelerated weathering or exposure testing evaluates your test sample for its reaction to photo-induced degradation. Photolysis is a chemical reaction that can affect brittleness, fading, cracking and other forms of deterioration as a result of exposure to ultraviolet radiation. One reason exterior coatings are so durable is because of the use of accelerated tests that simulate short wavelength UV and natural moisture.

Accelerated Weathering (QUV) is done to the following standards: ASTM G154, ASTM D4329, ASTM D4587, ASTM D7238, ISO 4892


Accelerated Weathering is performed by exposing test samples to varying conditions of the most aggressive components of weathering – ultraviolet radiation, heat and moisture.  A QUV weathering chamber uses fluorescent lamps to provide a radiation spectrum centered in the ultraviolet wavelengths. Moisture is provided by forced condensation, and temperature is controlled by resistance heaters.


Polymer Testing Labs have been investigating and solving plastic product failures for over 25 years.

Our extensive experience allows us to recognize indicators of failure and track these leads to the root cause of failure.

Plastics failure can range from premature breakage (e.g. fracture) or discoloration.  A sample of the “good” vs. “bad” product may be sent to our lab for comparative analysis.  We also request a “reference sample” or “control sample” such as a historical samples or a competitor’s sample.

Examples of the polymer materials that have been the subject of failure investigations include:

  • Packaging
  • Laminates
  • Geomembranes
  • Composites
  • Adhesives
  • Coatings

Our laboratory includes a variety of instrumentation for failure analysis such as FTIR, DSC, optical microscopy, SEM/EDAX, TGA, TMA, GC/MS, NMR and GPC.   Environmental chambers are also available for failure analysis and to test the effects of UV, heat and humidity on plastic products. To better understand the problem, we may recreate the failure conditions.


Laminating Adhesive Failure Analysis

Our client’s PU laminating adhesive was not providing a full lamination bond with wrinkling and blistering occurring in heavy duty pet food sacks. Faced with production line shut-down and potential litigation, the customer called Polymer Testing.  Our expert chemists determined the presence of silicone oils at the point of the disbonds using TOF-SIMS testing. The results showed significant levels of silicone in the films that were exhibiting delamination. The silicones were suspected to be from mold release sprays used in the blown film process.


Polymer Testing offers polymer technology training courses for both technical and non-technical staff. In addition to “standard courses” we are also able to offer courses presented at your site which are tailored to your specific training needs.

“Introduction to Polymer Technology” is a 1 day course training course to provide technical staff with an understanding of plastic materials, their structure-property relationships, processing behaviour and long-term properties.   Attendees will gain a full appreciation of polymer material selection, moulding and design features essential to ensuring the long-term durability of engineering components.  It is intended for persons with a general engineering or science background seeking to gain specific information regarding the properties, performance and application of polymers in engineering applications.

Failure Reliability and Durability of Polymers is a 2 day course designed for practicing engineers, polymer chemists, material scientists and managers. It will provide a general understanding of polymers their properties and failure mechanisms, methods that should be used in design and production processes to assure desirable durability characteristics.

Polymer Basics is a 1 day training course aimed at non-technical staff.  The course aims to provide an basic understanding of plastic materials, properties and processing to enable staff to gain a better understanding of key issues within the polymer industry and communicate more effectively with their more technically-focused colleagues.

Understanding Polymer Additives. This 1 day training course covers technical, health and environmental aspects of additive used in polymer compounding. It provides chemical suppliers, plastic and rubber end users and authorities and agencies an appreciation of the role of additives in polymeric materials and an understanding of the environmental issues.

Online Webinar Training is an option for any overseas clients or customers requiring polymer training for a number of engineers from diverse geographic locations. Live webcast sessions include a comprehensive eBook of notes and papers.

Tailored Courses can also be delivered based on polymer material properties, materials selection, polymeric component design, polymer failures, processing and analysis and testing.  Please e-mail info@polymertesting.com.au/wp to discuss your requirements in more detail.


Polymer Testing provide plastic expert witness services to legal, industrial and insurance companies to identify the root cause of product failures.  Utilizing the techniques described in our PlasticsFailure Analysis section, we have the experience and expertise to provide clear, concise technical reports based on our scientific background and engineering knowledge.

Failure Investigations are led by Dr. John Scheirs.  He has over 15 years experience with legal cases involving polymer failure and has acted as an expert witness in multiple court appearances in product failure and personal injury cases in Australia and NZ.  During that time he has written numerous technical reports in litigation matters and insurance claims working as an expert witness.

With 25 years experience of Plastics Technology he has extensive knowledge of the performance of thermoplastic and thermoset materials and components with particular expert knowledge of failure analysis,processing faults,  defect assessment and testing of both polymer materials and components with expertise in accelerated product life determination and accelerated ageing.


Polymer Testing Labs have special expertise in the plastic and polymer industry, and can provide the technical and professional knowledge necessary to support legal challenges. Our material scientists can conduct independent investigations, supervise laboratory analyses and write comprehensive reports. They are skilled in explaining technical methods and results in clear and understandable terms.

  • Litigation support services include:
  • Evaluation of cases
  • Method development and testing
  • Interpretation of technical data
  • Critical review of data
  • Literature searches
  • Trial preparation
  • Depositions and trial testimony

Our chemists have helped resolve issues with plastic or polymer products involved in insurance claims.

Our materials scientists have offered forensic testing and litigation support in insurance claims and litigation arising from polymer product failures such as flooding caused by burst plastic pipes or personal injury from plastic fracture.


Most companies contacting Polymer Testing Labs have problems that need immediate attention and the sooner lab testing gets completed, the sooner these companies can begin addressing and solving their situations.  Polymer Testing Labs offers expert polymer and plastics testing services with fast turnaround times and does so in an Accredited testing facility.

Below is a list of our typical turnaround times for polymer and plastics for commonly requested polymer testing services:

  • Melt Flow Index — 2 business days
  • Density & Specific Gravity  — 2 business days
  • FTIR Spectral and Analysis  — 2 business days
  • Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) — 3 business days
  • Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM)  — 5 business days
  • Elemental Analysis  — 5 business days

Accreditation

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Contact Us

Polymer Testing (Division of ExcelPlas)

473 Warrigal Road (Rear Factory)
Moorabbin VIC 3189

Postal Address
PO Box 147
Moorabbin VIC 3189

e. info@polymertesting.com.au
p. 03 9532 2207

www.polymertesting.com.au